# 这是一篇来自美国的关于贫困和收入分配的经济代写，具体详情可以扫码咨询客服

1.  Calculate the Duncan and Duncan index for the following distributions: [10 points]

Number of            Number of

Men Employed    Women Employed

Occupation   In Occupation      In Occupation

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1.         10,000                  6,0002.         20,000                  6,000
2.         10,000                  8,000

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1. Suppose labor earnings for African-American and white workers are given as follows:

North       South

————————————————

African-Americans    30,000      20,000

Whites                        50,000      50,000

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Suppose half of white workers work in the North and half in the South. Compute the ratio of average earnings between African-Americans and whites for the country as a whole if:

(a). 60 percent of African-American workers work in the South and 40 percent work in the North.  [5 points]

(b) .40 percent of African-American workers work in the South and 60 percent work in the North.                                                                                           [5 points]

1. Suppose that Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits are set according to the following rules: (i) minimum weekly earnings in last week of employment of \$200.00 is needed to qualify; (ii) the maximum UI weekly benefit is \$1000; and (iii) UI benefits are set equal to 50% of the last week’s earnings between the minimum and maximum levels

A.Show the structure of the UI benefit system on a diagram.                         [8 points]

B.Compute both the UI benefit level and the replacement rate if weekly earnings in the last week of employment is:  (i) \$100; (ii) \$500; and (iii) \$3,000.                   [7points]

1. Suppose that welfare (TANF) benefits are structured in the following way in a state:

Annual        Annual

Family        TANF

Income        Benefit

————————

0                \$5,052

\$2,000         4,892

\$4,000         3,292

\$5,000         2,492

\$6,000         1,692

\$7,000           892

\$8,000               0

A.Show the structure of the TANF benefit system on a diagram.                       [8 points]

B.Compute both the TANF benefit level and the implicit tax rate if annual family income is:  (i) \$1,000; and (ii) \$6,500.                                                                             [7points]

1. Suppose a Negative Income Tax is designed as follows: (1) The basic allowance is set at \$6,000. (2) The break-even income is \$12,000. (3) The slope of the After-Tax income line is constant.

A.Show the structure of the Negative Income Tax on a diagram.                  [8 points]

B.Compute both the Tax Credit and the Total After-Tax Income if Before-Tax Income is:  (i) \$8,000; (ii) \$14,000.                                                                              [7points]

1. Suppose the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is designed as follows: (1) The maximum tax credit is \$3,000, which is given on Earned Income between \$10,000 and \$20,000. (2) The EITC becomes zero at \$35,000 of Earned Income

A.Show the structure of the Earned Income Tax Credit on a diagram.           [8 points]

B.Compute the EITC if Earned Income is (i) \$5,000; (ii) \$25,000.                 [7points]

1. Suppose the marginal tax rates for a married couple filing jointly are as follows:  (i) zero up to \$20,000; (ii) 15% from \$20,000 to \$79,999 (iii) 28% from \$80,000 to \$149,999; and (iv) 35% for incomes equal to or above \$150,000.

A.Show the marginal tax rates on a diagram.                                                   [8 points]

B.Compute the average tax rate at the following income levels: (i) \$10,000; (ii) \$50,000; (iii) \$120,000 and (iv) \$200,000                                                    .                 [12 points]